6 Guidelines for healthier, more beautiful skin:
1) However bad that blemish or scab may look or feel, don't pick at it!
Your skin wants to heal itself. Scabs need to fall off themselves. When they haven't fallen off, your wound has not healed and you could potentially scar yourself by interrupting the healing. Blemishes also need to come to the surface on their own. Try not to touch them, for you deliver more bacteria into the skin from your hands when you do. Your hands have bacteria from so many surfaces you come in contact with throughout the day. Picking at the blemish also inflames it and potentially spreads the bacteria already under the surface, to more areas of your face. You may also scar or pigment your skin from picking.
If you absolutely have to take care of a blemish, here's a few tips to extract it safely:
A) Only extract if it has a white head, and only ever with clean fingers, after you have already cleansed your skin, so your skin is softer.
B) Gently push out the white head with the sides of your fingers, NEVER your nails (nails can cause scarring); if you start bleeding, STOP (try not to smear white head across your face, but rather, dab it off with a clean tissue).
C) Cleanse area with some sort of anti-bacterial cleanser, or spray area with an anti-bacterial toner, then contiue toning and moisturizing as normal.
D) You may have to extract a blemish a few times over a couple days before you effectively clean out the bacteria, but be patient and keep following these instructions. To speed along the process, try holding a warm towel to the blemish to help bring it to a head.
2) Wear an SPF of at least a 30 every single day, reapplying every 2 hours if out in the sun for a prolonged period of time.
Even the clouds let sun through. Sun is the number one cause for most skin problems; it even ages the skin more rapidly. Any issue with your skin will be made worse by prolonged or frequent sun exposure. Some sun is good for you, but only a little is needed for your everyday Vitamin D intake, and you still need to protect the delicate skin on your face, neck and chest if you want your skin to be more beautiful and healthier for longer. Sun damage is irreversable. If it occurs, constant maintenance will be required for the rest of your life, and sometimes more intense medical grade treatments will be needed to acheive the goals you may want. Prevention is key!
3) Exfoliate 1 to 2 times per week, no more than that unless otherwise instructed by an aesthetician or dermatologist.
Exfoliation helps speed along the process of cell renewal by removing more layers of dead skin than everyday cleansing does, which in turn helps your skin look and feel younger and smoother. Over-exfoliating will damage the skin over time and make your skin look and feel worse. If you are going to exfoliate with beads, it is important to find a professional product with smooth, uniform beads that won't cut the skin. Good options are exfoliaters with grape seed or jojoba beads Be gentle while scrubbing. You don't need a lot of pressure to exfoliate properly; the weight of your middle and ring fingers is all you need.
4) Cleanse face, neck and chest everyday.
Cleansing regularly helps buildup from happening in your pores and on the skin's surface which helps the skin breathe easier from day to day, and perform it's necessary functions more easily as well. Over-cleansing can strip the skin of it's natural oils and damage it over time, so make sure you choose a professional cleanser for your skin type. Try making time for a double cleanse, especially in the evening in order to clear your skin of the toxins collected throughout the day. Cleansing twice in one sitting helps clean away debris on the first cleanse to allow you to cleanse your true skin on the second cleanse. Always moisturize after you cleanse.
5) Moisturize after cleansing, especially at night.
This is probably the most important product to match to your skin type so you are comfortable throughout your day, and so your skin is balanced. Everybody is different, so some people may not feel they need a moisturizer, but if you are cleansing your skin, you need to moisturize to re-balance your skin. Not using a moisturizer could cause your skin to overproduce oil to compensate for the surface oils you stripped away while cleansing. A good moisturizer all depends on your skin type and current state your skin is in. One with an SPF of at least 30 is preferred during the day, but overnight, extra moisture is beneficial to your skin while it renews itself. Our skin renews itself between the hours of 10 and 4 every evening, so this is the time you want your skin the cleanest and most nourished.
6) Work in toners and serums whenever possible.
Serums are concentrated ingredients that are usually applied after a cleanse to help treat skin issues or maintain healthy and beautiful appearance and function. There are an endless number of serums and adding them to your regimen can greatly help you reach many of your skin care goals.
Toners are very beneficial. Every toner delivers a different ingredient into the skin. Your skin type as well as issues you are trying to correct, both determine which toner you may want to use. Toners also help balance your skin's Ph and minimize pores. You can spray toners directly onto the skin, or apply them with cotton balls or cotton pads. They are usually applied after a cleanse but may also be sprayed on as a refresher throughout the day.